Tuesday, November 24, 2009

Sempena Eidul Adha ini~

Assalamualaikum wrt wbt.

In the run up to the Hajj, the greatest rites in the life of every muslim, close to three million faithful are now gathered in the holy precincts of Makka al-Mukarramah. The day preceeding Eid-ul-Adha is marked by the most important ritual in the performance of Hajj, Yaum-ul-Arafah or the day of Arafah. The following day is Eid-ul-Adha or Yaum-un-Nahar or the day of sacrifice. The word ‘Adha comes from ‘udhiya or sacrificial animal. In essence Eid-ul-Adha is a commemoration of the act of sacrifice of the Patriach Ibrahim AS (peace be upon him)(Khalilullah) on his beloved son, Ismail AS (peace be upon him). The act was a testimony of the unquestioning and complete submission to the commandments of Allah SWT. by the household of Ibrahim AS

By the grace of Allah, Ismail was ransomed with a noble sacrifice (a ram). Allah SWT has recompensed the household of Ibrahim AS and rewarded them for their patience and endurance in carrying out the commandments of Allah. Certainly this was a great test and they persevered under the most trying circumstances. Praise be upon the household of Ibrahim AS and those who follow their exemplary conduct.
Today, the act of selflessness demonstrated by the household of Ibrahim AS is embodied in the sacrificial rites or udhiya after Eid prayer – Solat-ul-Eid. According to the mazahib of Imam Abu Hanifah, the sacrifice is a fardh (an obligation). So was the opinion of Imam Malik. Imam As-Syafii, Imam Ahmad and Imam Abu yusuf considered the rites as Sunnah Muaqaddah (highly preferred). At any rate it is a great sunnah (practice) of Prophet Muhammad SAW (Peace and blessings be upon him) and a muslim strive hard to take after Rasulullah SAW.

The act of sacrificing an animal on the day of eid is a pledge by muslims to answer to the call of duty and to conduct sacrifices under any circumstances. There is no place in the heart of a muslim to be self centred. To be one would be seen as the most ungrateful in the eyes of Allah. In these days, the importance of making sacrifices for the sake of the ummah can never be over-emphasized. It is the foundation of an ummah and a measure of solidarity of the muslims. It is one of the parameter by which one strive to live up to the notion of muslim fraternity or brotherhood (ukhuwah Islamiyah), a concept that emanates from the concept of tauhid or oneness of Allah All-mighty. As such it is a matter of survival of the muslim ummah.

Today, many different parts of the muslim world are left to fend for themselves without anyone to deliver them from oppression and subjugation. The Palestinian people for instance has been subjected to great injustices and tyranny. They were evicted from their homeland, subjugated, humiliated, dishonored, debased by the occupying Zionist regime backed by the western powers. Ironically the Palestinian people were surrounded by their oil-rich Arab neighbours but these regime were serving the interest of their enemies, trying to win favours from their western allies instead.

It is incomprehensible today for a people to be imprisoned in their own land. They laid a debilitating siege on Gaza, closed the borders, imposed a comprehensive economic blockade, denying access to food, clean water, medicine and fuel. Under these circumstances the Zionist threw everything they have in their state of the art military arsenal on a deprived and defenseless population. They don’t have anything that match even a small fraction of the firepower of the Zionist, and yet they were not allowed to leave. They became the target practice for the Zionist to train their weapons of mass destruction including the banned white phosphorous.

Where do we stand in this issue in the light of the ‘day of sacrifice’ we will be celebrating less than a week from now. What is the significance of the sacrificial rite we will conduct on the day of eid. Has it become a mere ritual that does not have any bearings on our life and the very purpose of existence. We have food aplenty and can eat to our fill. Our Palestinian brothers and sisters are suffering from the pangs of hunger. We sleep soundly in the comfort of our homes, whereas they are now shivering out in the cold in their makeshift tents because their houses have been bombed out snd they are not allowed to rebuild due to the blockade. They don’t even have the most basic of healthcare we all have been taken for granted.

What about our beloved mosque, the Masjid al-Aqsa? Have we forgotten and forsaken the third holiest place in Islam. Umar RA, the leader of the faithful, upon his arrival at Baitul Maqdis, the first thing he did was to visit the mosque. He was moved to tears seeing the mosque has been turned into a dumping site by the Romans. Using his own bare hands he scopped the refuse and asked the muslim army with him to do as he did. Yes, using their bare hands.. Once cleared Umar asked Bilal, the muezzin of Rasulullah SAW to call the azan. Bilal reluctantly did as told because he has vowed not to call the azan after the departure of Rasulullah SAW. When Bilal did call the azan nevertheless, everyone shed their tears. From that day on, Baitul Maqdis was an open city, everyone of different faith can have access to the city to perform their religious rite. It was to remain that way until 1967, when East Jerusalem (Eastern Baitul Maqdis including the Old city where the mosque is situated were overran by the Zionist. Now they are doing everything to harm the mosque with the aim of removing every trace of it and rebuild on its site Haikal Sulaiman, the Jewish temple. The Zionist regime has built a separation wall that almost surround the mosque from all angles, pursuing a policy of banishments of Arab residents by land appropriation, citizenship revocation and house demolitions to make way for more illegal jewish only settlements.

Aren’t we concerned about this grave situation. Do we still harbor any love for the mosque? The companions of Rasulullah SAW when they wanted to perform the hajj they started their journey from Masjid al Aqsa. They donned the ihram (two piece of unsewn cloth to cover the body during the rites of hajj) and then undertook the jpurney to Makkah. Umar al-Khattab, Abu Hurairah, Abu Ubaidah Amir Al-Jarrah and others were mentioned in the tradition to perform their hajj

Everyone on this day of Eid must reassessed our position on the question of the struggle to liberate the holy land and to deliver our fellow brothers and sisters and fellow human beings from the bondage of the Zionist. Let us make a resolute pledge to partake in this struggle to liberate our holyland. Let us make this pledge on the day of Eid – a pledge to sacrifice our time, our resources, our thoughts, our efforts, to contribute in any way within our means to support the struggle from afar. The opportunities to do these are abound. May Allah give us the strength to perservere on this path.

Dr Hafidzi Mohd Noor (blog)
DirectorPACE (Palestine Centre of Excellence)

Monday, November 16, 2009

Kita dan Kapitalisme

Islam turun sebagai deen yang syumul (lengkap dan komprehensif). Seluruh aspek kehidupan disentuh. Politik, sosial sebut apa sahaja, pasti kita akan menemui sistem tersebut telah dimaktub dengan sesempurnanya. Begitu juga dengan sistem ekonomi yang sering dibincangkan. Namun, kita sedih hari ini melihat ekonomi dunia berjalan dengan penuh penganiyaan, penipuan dan penindasan.
Jauh di sudut hati kita, kita inginkan dunia ini aman, sejahtera dan adil dari sudut ekonomi. Tetapi, apatah daya kita untuk mengetengahkan sistem yang kita yakini kerana kita sendiri tidak memahami apa penyelesaian yang Islam beri pada kita. Kita tidak pernah mempelajari apatah lagi mengkaji alternatif yang Islam berikan pada kita. Dan anda berada dalam golongan mana?
Petikan daripada buku yang dikarang oleh Alm. Fathi Yakan dalam karya beliau Kaifa Nad'u Ilal Islam (Bagaimana Kita Menyeru Kepada Islam) sebagai lonjakan kepada kita untuk memahami kenapa kita perlu Islam dari sudut ekonomi~

Adam Smith (pengarang Wealth of Nation)
1. Kritikan terhadap Kapitalisme.

Kapitalisme, adalah teori yang dilaksanakan secara meluas di dunia Barat. Semenjak dunia Islam dilanda oleh serangan penjajahan kebudayaan, politik, serta ekonomi Barat, pada Abad ke-20 Masehi ini, maka sebahagian besar dari negara-negara Islam telah mempraktikkan teori ini di negerinya masing-masing! Namun perlu difahami, bahawa Kapitalisme itu berlainan dengan Islam dalam beberapa segi ajarannya di antaranya:

1). Pada dasarnya, Islam menolak Kapitalisme, dengan alasan bahawa Kapitalisme itu adalah teori ciptaan manusia. Memang pada prinsipnya, Islam menolak segala peraturan ciptaan manusia! Islam menilai, bahawa dasar kedudukan “MANUSIA” sebagai pencipta teori Kapitalisme itu, justeru itulah teori ini menemui kegagalannya. Islam menilai, bahawa segala teori buatan manusia adalah bermaksud menentang (Nizam), Syari’ah serta Ciptaan Allah
Subhanahu Wata’ala.

Kita hanya mengakui, bahawa satu-satunya peraturan yang dianugerahkan oleh Allah Subhanahu Wata’ala kepada ummat manusia masa kini ialah “ISLAM” Islam telah ditetapkan sebagai penutup dari Kerasulan dan Kenabian serta agama, dan sudah ditentukan sebagai peraturan yang sesuai untuk masyarakat manusia seluruh zaman!

“Sesungguhnya agama yang benar di sisi Allah hanyalah Islam.”
(Surah Ali ‘Imran: ayat 19)

“Barangsiapa yang mengharapkan agama selain Islam, maka tidak akan diterima daripadanya; dan kelak di akhirat, ia akan termasuk orang-orang yang rugi.” (Surah Ali ‘Imran: ayat 85)

2). Kapitalisme membentuk jurang perbezaan dalam masyarakat, lalu mengutamakan beredamya harta dan penghasilan di kalangan kelas itu saja. Kapitalisma mengutamakan kekuatan dan kedaulatan kelas, yang turut mempunyai modal dan saham. Cara yang seperti ini tidak dibenarkan dalam Islam. Islam menetapkan perlunya mengatur hak milik individu, dan menghapuskan perbuatan mengumpul kekayaan, Islam menetapkan peraturan-peraturan yang menjamin penghapusan pengumpulan harta-harta itu, dan memerintahkan supaya harta itu dibahagikan di kalangan masyarakat, dengan cara yang sebaik-baiknya. Allah Subhanahu Wata’ala memberi tuntunan dalam Al-Qur’an:

“Harta yang diperoleh dari orang kafir tanpa perang (Fai’), yang diberikan oleh Allah kepada Rasul-Nya, yang berasal dari penduduk kota-kota yang belum masuk Islam, itu adalah untuk Allah, untuk Rasulullah, dan untuk kaum kerabatnya, dan untuk anak-anak yatim dan orang-orang miskin, dan orang-orang yang sedang berada dalam perjalanan; supaya harta itu tidak hanya beredar di antara orang-orang yang kaya di antara mereka.” (Surah Al-Hasyr: ayat 7)

Dan tuntutan itu disertai ancaman:

“Dan orang-orang yang menyimpan emas dan perak, dan tidak menafkahkannya pada jalan Allah, maka beritahukanlah kepada mereka, bahawa mereka akan mendapat siksa yang pedih.” (Surah At-Taubah: ayat 34)

3). Kapitalisme mengamalkan kebebasan individu, dan membolehkan pengumpulan. Ajaran ini bererti memuaskan jiwa kerakusan dan segelintir individu-individu yang kaya dan merugikan golongan masyarakat yang tidak kaya. Tentulah ini bertentangan dengan Islam, kerana semenjak dari langkah pertamanya, Islam sudah mengutamakan kesejahteraan masyarakat seluruhnya, dan mengharamkan berbuat sesuatu yang membahayakan kepentingan umum.
Dalam hal ini Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘alaihi Wasallam telah berpesan:

“Tidak boleh berbuat sesuatu yang membahayakan diri sendiri, dan tidak boleh berbuat sesuatu yang membahayakan orang lain.”
(Hadith Riwayat Ahmad dan Ibnu Majah dan Ibnu Abbas).

Oleh sebab ini, Islam mengharamkan pengumpulan harta benda, merampas hak orang lain, atau memakan harta mereka dengan cara yang salah. Di samping itu, Islam memberikan kemerdekaan kepada manusia seluruhnya. Dengan demikian Islam menjaga keseimbangan antara kesejahteraan individu dan kesejahteraan masyarakat.

4). Kapitalisme memperbolehkan orang-orang kaya mengamalkan “Riba!” Hal ini jelas bertentangan dengan Islam. Islam mengharamkan riba dalam segala bentuknya. Kenyataan membuktikan, bahawa riba itulah biang keladi yang menyebabkan dunia menderita oleh kegoncangan dan pergolakan. Mereka,merasa riba itu sebagai tulang belakangnya; Sedang dalam Ayat lain diterangkan pula:

“Orang-orang yang memakan riba itu tidak dapat berdiri melainkan seperti berdirinya orang yang dirasuk syaitan lantaran tekanan penyakit gila. Keadaan mereka yang demikian itu adalah disebabkan mereka berkata, bahawa sesungguhnya bejual-beli itu sama dengan riba. Dan Allah menghalalkan jual-beli dan mengharamkan riba...”
(Surah Al-Baqarah: ayat 275)

“Allah memusnahkan riba dan menyuburkan sedekah...”
(Surah Al-Baqarah: ayat 276)

Dan selanjutnya diberi peringatan:

“Wahai orang-orang yang beriman, bertaqwalah kamu kepada Allah, dan tinggalkanlah sisa riba yang belum dipungut, jika kamu benar-benar orang-orang yang beriman. Maka jika kamu tidak bertindak meninggalkan riba itu, maka ketahuilah bahawa Allah dan Rasul-Nya akan memerangi kamu.”
(Surah Al-Baqarah: ayat 278-279)

5). Akhirnya, Kapitalisme itu bertentangan dengan Islam, kerana Kapitalisme itu menilai manusia hanya sebagai benda saja, tidak memiliki jiwa dan fikiran serta budi pekerti dan tujuan-tujuan kerohanian. Kapitalisme itu tidak pernah menghiraukan, bagaimana seharusnya usaha yang dilakukan, supaya masyarakat dapat ditingkatkan rohaninya dan ditinggikan jiwanya. Kapitalisme, bersama-sama dengan aliran-aliran materialisme yang lain-lain, semuanya ditolak oleh Islam.

bersambung...Kita dan Komunisme
"Semoga Allah memberi taufik pada kita.."

Thursday, November 5, 2009

Islam and Environment

Another day of learning the knowledge of Allah in this beautiful college really make me closer to this deen. May Allah guide us always.

After praying zuhur, I hurried to my 'ilm ul-iqtishod class. My teacher showed to the whole class a documentary-like-movie. The title of the movie is "The Age Of Stupid".

Seeing only 1/3 of it really broke my heart. How can the human race misused/exploited etc.. the world just to fulfil their desires without thinking of the future generation. This earth is the creation of Allah and Allah had sent us as his khalifah to manage this earth accordingly. Sometimes we overlook the task of sustaining ecosystem. Is this task not part of what we muslims must do and concern? Do we take this issue for granted?

Islam has a very close connection with environment:

It is God Who hath created the heavens and the earth and sendeth down rain from the skies, and with it bringeth out fruits wherewith to feed you; it is He Who hath made the ships subject to you, that they may sail through the sea by His command; and the rivers (also) hath He made subject to you. And He hath made subject to you the sun and the moon, both diligently pursuing their courses; and the night and the day hath he (also) made subject to you. And He giveth you of all that ye ask for. But if ye count the favours of God, never will ye be able to number them. Verily, man is given up to injustice and ingratitude. (The Holy Quran 14:32-34)

Islam, as a way of life, expects human beings to conserve the environment for several reasons which may be summarized as follows:

1- The environment, is Allah's creation. The creation of this earth and all its natural resources is a sign of His wisdom, mercy, power and His other attributes and therefore serves to develop human awareness and understanding of this creator. (Ar-Ra`d, 13: 2-4; 21:79)

2- Muslims should seek to protect and preserve the environment because by so doing they protect Allah's creatures which pray to Him and praise Him. Humankind might not be able to understand how these creatures praise Allah but this does not mean that they do not do so, Allah says: (The seven heavens and the earth, and all beings therein, declare His glory: There is not a thing but celebrates His praise, and yet ye understand not how they declare His Glory!) (Al-Israa’ 17: 44)

3- The environment contains Allah's creatures which the Muslim scholars consider to also deserve protection.

4- Also among the reasons why Islam seeks to protect and preserve the environment is that Islam, as a way of life, is established on the concept of good (khayr). Therefore it is expected that Islam will protect the environment once it is understood that such protection is good by itself. The Qur'an states: (He whoso do good an atom's weight will see it. And whoso do ill an atom's weight will see it.) (Az-Zalzalah 99: 7-8)

In Islam, humans are expected to protect the environment since no other creature is able to perform this task. Humans are the only being that Allah has "entrusted" with the responsibility of looking after the earth. This trusteeship is seen by Islam to be so onerous and burdensome that no other creature would 'accept' it. Allah says: (Lo! We offered the trust unto the heavens and the earth and the hills, but they shrank from bearing it and were afraid of it and man assumed it Lo! he is a tyrant and fool.) (Al-Ahzab 33: 72)

In Islam the relationship between humankind and the environment is part of social existence, an existence based on the fact that everything on earth worships the same God. This worship is not merely ritual practice, since rituals are simply the symbolic human manifestation of submission to Allah. The actual devotions are actions, which can be practiced by all the creatures of earth sharing the planet with the human race. Moreover humans are responsible for the welfare and sustenance of the other citizens of this global environment. The Qur’an contains many verses that can be referred to for guidance in this respect. The following verse 21 of the second surah of the Qur'an, is one example:

(O people! Worship your Lord, Who hath created you and those before you, so that you may ward off (evil). Who hath appointed the earth a resting-place for you, and the sky a canopy; and causeth water to pour down from the sky, thereby producing fruits as food for you. And do not set up rivals to Allah when ye know (better).) (Al-Baqarah 2: 21-22)

The word in this verse which is translated as "may ward off evil" is in Arabic tattaqun. It enjoins piety and awareness which is accompanied by an appreciation of the surrounding environment. In this verse, the Qur’an speaks directly to all groups of people, whether believers, or not. It attempts to mobilize people to the importance of "worshipping Allah" as a symbol and a way of life that enjoins justice and equity in handling the system created by Him.

This system has been placed under human responsibility, to be cared for and not misused as can be concluded by returning to verse 22 ofsurat al-Baqarah. The word lakum (for you) in the phrase "created for you" contains the message that the earth is not for one generation but for every generation, past, present and future and that would include humans as well as other creatures on this earth. Accordingly, rivers, minerals are the property of all. This should be distributed fairly and justly especially when it happens to be owned collectively like the Rivers Tigris and Euphrates.

Excerpted, with slight modifications, from www.lamp.ac.uk/trs/staffgallery/mawil_paper.html

Muslim effort for a green world

Wednesday, November 4, 2009

Kerana Kita Membesar 1

Teringat zaman kanak-kanak dulu..
Ada pergi satu program.
Kena berlakon cerita Fathul Mekkah.
Time tu memang dah hafal surah an-nashru.

"Apabila telah datang pertolongan Allah dan kemenangan,

dan kamu lihat manusia masuk agama Allah dengan berbondong-bondong,

maka bertasbihlah dengan memuji Rabbmu dan mohonlah ampun kepada-Nya.

Sesungguhnya Dia adalah Maha Penerima taubat." (an-Nashru)

Tak pernah tahu surah tu ada kaitan dengan kisah fathul mekkah.
Sebelum bincang tentang lakonan, kumpulan saya di’brief’ oleh ustazah Arfah.
Masih ingat kata-kata beliau,

“Ketika itu, manusia berbondong-bondong menerima Islam,

Islam ketika boleh dikatakan orde dunia baru.”
“Bila agaknya keadaan macam itu akan kembali pada zaman kita..”

Ingat kembali zaman kanak-kanak memang memeberi 1001 ibroh. Orang kata memang tabiat manusia akan lupa. Tapi saya kata, bukan kita yang sengaja lupa, tetapi sepanjang perjalanan kita dari kanak-kanak menuju alam dewasa itu yang menyebabkan kita lupa. Pasti mak ayah kita berikan pendidikan pada kita..Kita pun jadi hairan. Ke mana agaknya semua itu? Kita terfikir. Kenapa sekarang saya jadi begini?


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